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The fullest extant discussion is that of plotinus Enn. Augustine [ Civ. The doctrine became so widely held among pagans at this time that Nemesius, Bishop of Emesa c. Later History.
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The doctrine was held by some Jewish sects as the Karaites and by some Muslims, as well as by Gnostic groups cf. Tertullian, De anima 28 — , esp. Though flatly opposed to the Christian doctrine of redemption, it also found adherents among nominal Christians. Origen was accused of believing it by Theophilus see St. Jerome, Ep. The doctrine was held by the Manichaeans and, in the Middle Ages , by the groups known collectively as cathari.
It was held also by Giordano bruno chiefly in Degli heroici furori and J. Fourier — , and some of J. Lavater's — followers, among others, and it enjoyed a recrudescence in the 19th century under the influence of translated documents from the Far East.
Hitherto the chief inspiration had come from Plato and Neoplatonism. At present the doctrine is studied seriously by Western adherents of the vedanta and other Oriental philosophies, and held in a more fantastic form by theosophists see A. Bibliography: h. Edinburgh — 27 — Munich — 61 — , — , — Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. LONG, H. October 8, Retrieved October 08, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. The Australian aborigines believe that an infant is a reincarnation of deceased ancestors and that the soul is continually reborn. Some Indonesian peoples hold that ancestral souls reside in sacred animals, sometimes in preparation for a new incarnation.
Similarly, several tribes in western Amazonia avoid eating certain animals, such as deer, because they believe ancestral souls have entered the animals' bodies. Metempsychosis is a fundamental doctrine of several religions originating in India.
transmigration of souls
In Hinduism , the individual soul enters a new existence after the death of the body. The sum total of past moral conduct, or karma , determines the condition of the soul and the quality of its rebirth. The cycle of rebirth is eternal unless the soul is released by knowledge or arduous effort see yoga.
This release moksha or mukti is a form of salvation, and is possible only for the most devout. Buddhist doctrine does not accept the soul or transmigration as such, treating both as illusory. Rather, there is an eternal, undifferentiated stream of being samsara.
Problems With Indonesia’s Transmigration Policy
Out of this, existences are produced and prolonged according to karma, or past actions. The individual is not a separate entity, but rather a grouping of elements. They revert to the original primal stream when desire, the cause of the transmigratory cycle, ceases. Only devout Buddhists or saints i. The Celtic version of metempsychosis does not have the ethical aspect of its Indian counterpart. The Druids of Gaul supposedly taught that after death the soul left one body to enter another, but the second body was not necessarily earthly; little else is known of their beliefs.
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- Transmigration in Indonesia: An evaluation of a population redistribution policy | SpringerLink.
Beliefs and teachings common to more than one religion: absolution , angel , angelic Explore Thesaurus. More BuzzWords cakeism glamping hygge optics paliday nanobreak youthquake daycation omnishambles BuzzWord archive. More submissions cowberry brain dump hug button party truck bingeworthy match-fit social robot tabula gratulatoria polylithic view entries.